Edward Snowden’s recently published files have revealed the facts about National Security Agency (NSA) spying on India’s ballistic missiles systems and nuclear weapons, via some extremely secret documents. With the help of its bases in Australia and Thailand, NSA used Rainfall, which is its interception programme, having put suspicion on:
- The father of Indian nuclear power, Homi J. Bhabha’s alleged accidental death, and
- The deaths of 11 scientists that happened during Obama’s first term in office.
The U.S Intelligence Community was tracking and examining Indian civilian and military nuclear energy activities long before India exploded a nuclear device in May, 1974. The documents range shows nuclear related matters- nuclear policy, reactor construction and operations, and foreign assistance, proving CIA expected India to develop nuclear weapons as early as 1958.
The U.S. Intelligence Community could not provide warning of the 1974 and 1998 tests – assessments and the reason has been found through the documents from the same year having much similarity.
The Intercept recently released new data from the Snowden Archive – The SIDtoday files, giving a peep into one of the NSA interception programme. The intercept is releasing newsletters in batches of nine years’ worth starting with 2003. Spies of the agency have also given information about what, why and how of their work.
The U.S intelligence community presented with a harshly critical report when the intelligence community was taken by surprise in the springs of 1998, when India conducted a series of nuclear weapons tests. It also led to an integral investigation as to why the information was not received beforehand and to avoid such negligence again in 2005.
There has been one great example of SIGINT (signal intelligence) program’s successful collaboration working. The Agency’s new process of cross-program collaboration in satisfying intelligence needs is an example of recent success against India’s Nuclear Weapons Development Program.
After “successfully geo locating signals of a suspected Indian nuclear weapons storage facility” in October 2004, by one of the signals intelligence programme, ‘RAINFALL’, many other parts of the NSA worked carefully together to confirm that the signals were related to Indian nuclear weapons.
The collaboration revealed great intelligence on India’s nuclear weapons abilities. This sudden development emphasized on the need to take action of adding equipment to LEMONWOOD to separate signals as to improve the efforts, since the signal was discovered in October.
According to SIDtoday, Joint operation by RAINFALL and two NSA stations in Thailand (INDRA and LEMONWOOD) suspected an isolated signal to be associated with an Indian Nuclear Facility and cut off the information about new Indian missile initiatives. These missile systems were kept from public knowledge for years, however, the signals were accessible by NSA with foreknowledge, providing Third Party Signal intelligence to them.
Soon after catching this device, there was a tremendous flow of information from the new network. Exploitation of that information disclosed India’s first-ever SAGARIKA Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) launch; DHANUSH sea-launched Short Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM); and pilotless target aircraft.
This new access to collection has provided important pieces of information about India’s possession of two airdropped bombs of different varieties. One of the two is believed to be an anonymous type huge Fuel Air Explosive (FAE), while the other one may be a new generation of airdropped nuclear weapon, not yet confirmed by analytical community.
Still having access to satellite communication by LEMONWOOD, the Trans-Asia Product Line (S2A4) is working jointly with FORNSAT (foreign satellite) Division in order to expand collection related to this extremely important network.
The actions that were once considered as the technological challenges are now taken up as profitable opportunities for collaboration, which in turn also offer assurance of seamless exchange and use of computer generated information and responsive National Security Agency. The growing course of collaboration trending across the entire Agency is magnificent and the outcome of collection from the collaboration of different agencies has been categorized as spectacular.
According to reports, the National Security Agency (NSA) of the United States also installed super spy software In New Delhi, called APPARITION, which is programmed to track the locations of internet accessing crowd across sensitive locations. This actionable intelligence information may result into a counterattack by sending a deadly reaper drone to take the target down.
Though the Indian Government has not responded with an official statement regarding this Embassy Espionage yet, but an SCS surveillance unit is being designed in the embassy campus in New Delhi for operational working under the code name DAISY, as referred by the top secret reports.
The Intelligence community of the United States was very anxious with respect to the possibility of its failure in detecting India’s nuclear tests from before, as proven by the classified intelligence documents. After taking measures to see the entire scenario and addressing the deficiencies that became the reasons for its failures, the community recommended finding out a strategy to avoid taking chances of similar failures in future as much as possible.
There are a dozen questions still unanswered. What did the U.S Intelligence community do further to track India’s Nuclear Program? Is there a policy pattern in the killing of Indian scientists for decades? Homi J. Bhabha death in the Air India Flight 101 crash near Mont Blanc was also part of any strategy? But the most important thing is to know if the Indian Intelligence community was aware about such spying operations targeting India’s Nuclear program? And did they take any measures to counter such activities? A big deal of people and agencies are involved in this case with no clear explanation but a new investigation regarding the matter would be a good step now.