Burhan Wani, a Kashmiri militant and the commander of the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, terrorist group which was formed by Muhammad Ahsan Dar in September 1989.
Burhan Wani was very active on social media, which made him popular amongst the Kashmiris. His fight was against Indian rule in Kashmir, which resulted into his killing in an encounter with the Indian security forces on 8 July 2016.
Consequences of which resulted into large protests and unrest in the valley of Kashmir for nearly six months. Around 90 people lost their lives and over 15000 civilians and 4000 security personals were injured.
Burhan Wani had 11 militants namely, Sabzar Ahmad Bhat, Waseem Malla, Naseer Ahmad Pandit, Ishfaq Hameed, Tariq Ahmad Pandit, Afaaqullah Bhat, Adil Ahmad Khanday, Saddam Padder, Waseem Ahmad Shah, Anees including himself.
All of them were killed in different encounters except for Tariq Pandit who has surrendered while Salim Padder is still on a run.
On Sunday i.e on 13th August 2017, Yasin Yatoo aka Mehmood Ghaznavi was shot to death after an 18 hours encounter by Indian Army in Kashmir. It is a major setback to the Hizbul Mujahideen when Yasin Yatoo alias Mehmood Ghaznavi, a top Hizbul commander, was killed in a gunbattle with a joint team of the Army, CRPF and J&K Police at Awneera village in south Kashmir’s Shopian district.
A special joint operation was started by the Army’s 3 Rashtriya Rifle and special operations group (SOG) of police at around 6 pm on Saturday. They had got a tip of five militants.
The encountered militants were identified as Umar Majid Sheikh, Irfan ul Sheikh and Ghaznavi. Unfortunately two of our brave soldiers namely Sepoy’s Ilayaraja P and Gowai SumedhWaman sacrificed their lives to the operation.
Police also had an encounter with the locals as they came out of houses and started stone pelting at the security forces team in order to help the militants escape the scene.
Police took action against the locals by firing tear gas shells and pellets resulting into several casualties amongst protesters.
One of the longest surviving militants in the Valley was Ghaznavi, who lived for 41 years. He was the chief of operations in Kasmir and had successfully carried out operations with cadres after the encounter of Burhan Wani.
Ghaznavi had joined militancy in 1996. He was the resident of Budgam in central Kashmir, and was arrested several times. Although he went missing after 2015 after his release and a Hizbul statement had also declared him dead.
Thereafter he was seen in south Kashmir on 8th July after Burhan’s assassination and conducted huge public rallies in different parts of the region.
Since then he was on the hit list and hence was successfully assassinated by the security forces on Sunday. This is considered to be a major achievement for the Army and police.