Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructure can be worse than ground war. It was all started like a thriller movie back in year 2007 in Estonia. The country faced massive attacks when critical infrastructure crashed down suddenly. There was no bomb blast, not a sign of enemy, no country was attacked. From newspaper websites to banks, everything was collapsed. Massive cyber attacks have created anarchy for many days.
Now it’s been a decade and cyber criminals are more powerful and confidential, but all important infrastructure is still not strong enough to oppose cyber attack. Hackers got control of Ukraine’s power grid in 2015 covering thousands of homes and establishments in hours. There was speculation that this attack was a warning against the nationalization of a Russian tycoon-owned power plant
In 2010, worm Stuxnet affected India badly. According to the report, at the time of worm attacking, 10,000 infected Indian computers were located on 15 important infrastructure facilities including the Gujarat and Haryana Electricity Board and an offshore oil rig of state-owned petroleum explorer ONGC.
The contract of Chinese companies and the domestic electrical appliance industry has been under concerned regarding supervisory control and data acquisition system (SCADA) established for power distribution which can take foreign control over the important area for the development of the country. Scada is a computer based industrial automation control system that practically runs factories and utilities on its own. In the electrical system, it is the SCADA which maintains the balance between demand and supply in the grid. Chinese companies have acquired Skada contract for more than 18 cities such as Harbin Electric, Dongfang Electronics, Shanghai Electric and Sifang Automation for supplying equipment in these cities or manage power distribution networks.
The Indian government has taken note of the vulnerability of India’s power for cyber attacks. As per the reports, the government is planning to determine product-wise technical specifications and regulations ensuring that only audited and tested equipment are connected to the electricity grid. It is also planning to develop a test facility to keep eye alert on cyber security where testing can be done for malware before installation and after commissioning from time to time.
The attack on electricity is more dangerous as the electricity is the life of nation. The more vulnerable areas for cyber attacks are defence, telecom, banking and transportation. In June of this year, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust which is India’s largest container port was affected by a cyber attack. The terminal having capacity to stop 1.8 million standard container units was attacked by a malware called Petya.
A new triangular service defense agency for the cyber war has been planned by the government which will work in coordination with the National Cyber Security Advisor. More than 1,000 experts, who will be distributed in many structures of Army, Navy and Indian Air Force will work together on this plan.
India’s critical infrastructure are in a threat of China’s potential source of any future threat. In August, the government had directed 21 smartphone manufacturers among which most of whom were Chinese. After reports of data leakage of Chinese telecom company, informs about procedures and procedures to ensure the security of selling mobile phones in India.