The defence department of United States has suggested that the country is eyeing to modernize its missile security, but it seems that their intention of modernizing missile security can be useless and also soon. The intention of modernizing missile security is in fact not new. Global powers like the United States and Russia are working on the concept of hypersonic missiles for more than 50 years. At the moment, only Preliminary tests of the missile’s necessary systems are needed to make it successful. However, RAND Corporation experts believe that these weapons will become a reality in the next decade. When they do, then there can be terrifying results.
Hypersonic Missiles Are:
Patricia Lewis, research director of International Security at Chatham House states, “Hypersonic Missile combine the speed of ballistic missile with the accuracy and manoeuvrability of cruise missiles.” This property shows the effectively fast speed of the missile which will be nimble also. The missile can cover the area of 5,000 to 25,000 in an hour only. As per the RAND Cooperation, it can achieve speed of 1 to 5 miles per second.
Composition Of Hypersonic Missile:
It is made up of two components such as Hypersonic Glide Vehicles (HGVs) which helps in target up to 40 km to 100 km in altitude. It is launched on an Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile. Due to its unique low trajectory, it is possible keeping the target as secret till its few seconds left in launching.
On the other hand, Hypersonic Cruise Missiles (HCMs) work on a solid fuelled booster accelerating to at least 4 Mach. It provides sustained power completing the acceleration to a higher speed in the atmosphere. It flies lower than HGV but higher than airplanes. The reason of flying lower than HGVs is they need the air to be thick enough to feed their Scramjet Engines. Their flight altitudes are between 10 kms and 100 kms.
They can also use to carry either nuclear weapons or conventional warheads.
Difference Between ICBM And Hypersonic Missile:
Both the type of missile travel nearly at the same speed but ICBM travel higher than Hypersonic Missiles. ICBMs become quite predictable due to its little manoeuvrability. As per Moore, “ICBMs travel at much higher altitudes than Hypersonic Missiles, so can be detected by missile ground sensors much sooner.”
Impact Of Hypersonic Missile Can Be:
At this time, countries like India, Australia, and France are to be developing the technology for Hypersonic Missile. Also, US, China, and Russia have already developed the Missile.
Lewis states, “The ability to easily circumvent enemy air defences and deliver an accurate conventional weapon to a target anywhere on the planet within one hour would fill a big gap in current military capabilities.”
Lewis added, “They will be capable of evading current missile defences and would result in hair-trigger responses.”