India’s ‘The Brahmaputra’ river is called ‘Yarlung Tsangpo’ in China which originates from Tibet. The river is originated from Tibet and flows towards northeast in India. Before, falling into the Bay Of Bengal, it passes through Bangladesh and sustains millions of people in its basin. The river which covers three countries i.e., China, India, and the Brahmaputra is about 3,848 km long.
Now, as per the reports, the top leadership of China is eyeing to start a project of digging a tunnel about 1,000 km long to divert the water of the river Brahmaputra. If their project will take shape, then it would be world’s longest huge margin to divert the water from Tibet to Xinjiang region which is almost a dry region.
Tunnel’s Effect Would Be:
If the project of digging a tunnel of about 1,000 km to divert the water will come into existence, it will have the drastic effect on the area where the river is a lifeline. It will affect the flow of water in the river that will ultimately result in the drought situation. The drought situation is uncommon to see in the flowing region of Brahmaputra. The river basin is more likely to floods, not drought.
In this scheme, water from Tibet’s Sangria county flows water in the Taklamakan desert of Xinjiang. South China Morning Post in Hong Kong cited Chinese engineers as saying that this scheme has been given to higher authorities for approval by March next year.
According to an engineer from the government of China, “An important factor holding up approval for the gigantic project is the environmental risks involved in cutting through fragile mountains.” It would also involve a high cost.
Cost Of The Scheme:
While talking about the cost of this project, Chinese expert Wang Wei, State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering at Sichuan University said that the cost would be one billion Yuan per km of the tunnel and its overall cost would be around $150 billion.
China’s Assurance To India:
Back in year 2010, on India’s concern, China assured India that they have no intention to build upstream dams in Zangmu in Tibet. Here the observers had said that if China fulfills its strategic interests then we have to weigh in favor of this project, in which it involves putting pressure on India. It has already paid $60 billion for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, which experts say is more strategic than Beijing’s economic value.
In an interview to TOI, Zhou Shiqiao, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research said, “To my knowledge, no environmental evaluation has been carried out. The nature and scale of the impact remain in the dark.”
Zhang Chuanqing, another researcher said, “It would definitely go ahead with the project one day.”
“In 5 to 10 years, the technology will be ready and the cost affordable, and the temptation of the benefits will be difficult to resist,” added Zhang Chuanqing.