The United States Military playing the various important roles in Africa like Neutralizing the transnational threat, protection of U.S. personnel and facilities, build a strong partnership with African military to promote regional stability, security, and prosperity. The United States Military provides the services in many ways as per the information provided by the AFRICOM are as follows:-
African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA)– An initiative of the U.S. Department of State which is designed to enhance the capabilities of the African Military by providing specific training and equipment according to the need of operations. The ACOTA programme gets the mentors, trainers, and advisors which are provided by the U.S. Africa command on the request of the State Department.
The ACOTA provides a full range of peacekeeping training and other supports which are specially designed according to the needs and capabilities of the nation. ACOTA benefits its partners by training African soldiers on topics including convoy escort procedures, refugee management, and small-unit command skills; overseeing exercises for battalion, brigade, and multinational force headquarters personnel; providing equipment to partner nations, including mine detectors, field medical equipment, uniforms, and water purification devices; conducting refresher training periodically to ensure that trained units maintain their capabilities; and training African trainers, who in turn train their own nation’s soldiers in peacekeeping skills.
The Africa Deployment Assistant Partnership Team (ADAPT) is a Theater Logistics Engagement activity which is also financed by the Department of State, which helps build deployment capacity for African partners who conduct peacekeeping, counterterrorism, or humanitarian relief operations in Africa.
Africa Partnership Station (APS) is a flagship maritime security cooperation program run by the U.S. Naval Forces Africa’s (NAVAF). APS allows U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and NAVAF organizes engagement activities with international partner nations including Government and Non-Government organizations to make them self-reliable in the interest of areas like maritime security within their inland waterways, territorial waters, and exclusive economic zones.
The African Maritime Law Enforcement Partnership (AMLEP) consists of a five-phased program.
- Phase Zero includes- Legal Risk Assessments
- Phase One includes- Training
- Phase Two includes- Exercises
- Phase Three includes- Operations
- Phase Four includes- Sustainment
African partner nations can enhance the maritime security capacity and improvise management of their maritime environment through real world combined maritime law enforcement operations by this program.
The International Military Education and Training (IMET) program provides sponsorship to the international personnel to attend the U.S. military professional training programs which provide valuable insights of the current and future military and civilian leadership in the African nations.
The Medical Civil Action Program (MEDCAP) enhances partner nation healthcare capacity and reduces the threat of disease with the help of other international partner nations and local medical professionals.
National Guard State Partnership Program– The State Partnership Program is a key U.S. security cooperation tool that facilitates cooperation across all aspects of international civil-military affairs and encourages people-to-people ties at the state level.
There are currently 13 State Partnerships between the United States and African nations: California is partnered with Nigeria; New York and South Africa; North Carolina and Botswana; the North Dakota Guard is partnered with three countries, Ghana, Togo and Benin; Michigan and Liberia; Utah and Morocco; Vermont and Senegal; Wyoming and Tunisia; Kentucky and Djibouti; Massachusetts and Kenya; Indiana and Niger.
Pandemic Response Program– In partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S. Africa Command has worked since 2008 to establish a Pandemic Response Program (PRP) aimed at assisting African militaries to develop influenza pandemic response plans that are integrated into their country’s overall national response plans.
Partnership For Integrated Logistics Operations and Tactics (PILOT) – PILOT is a Theater Logistics Engagement activity that builds long-term operational logistics planning capacity within the African Union Standby Force (ASF), and promotes interoperability between the U.S. military and the ASF.
Veterinary Civil Action Program (VETCAP)- The Veterinary Civil Action Program, delivers veterinary programs in support of strategic military objectives.
VETCAP has been deployed in Africa by Joint Services teams, among others in Djibouti, Kenya, Ethiopia, Morocco.
The following article has been republished from United States Africa Command.