There are many sports that an adventure enthusiast try and among them the craze for Parajumping is really high. Parajumping is such a popular sport that every adventure enthusiast want to try, but getting a chance to do is quite rare. And in the case of the
army, only the best acquire a chance to perform the Parajumping. Parajumping is compulsory for all the commandos of Indian tri-services.
Modes of Parajumping:
It has two modes: HAHO and HALO.
HAHO is High Altitude, High Opening which requires a soldier to jump from heights greater than 12,000-15,000 feet. Also, when the secrecy of any operation gets compromised by the loud noise of a parachute opening at low altitude, this technique is employed at that time. At the time of jumping out of the aircraft, the canopy opens within 10-15 seconds.
Also, when aircraft are unable to fly above enemy skies without posing a threat to the jumpers, at that time, to airdrop the soldiers from aircraft, this technique is used. With HAHO jumps, soldiers can enter into the enemy lines safely within the time of 20-30 minutes as they can travel more than 50 km under an open canopy.
HALO is High Altitude, Low Opening. The technique of Parajumping is used when to quickly avoid enemy detection, the soldiers open their parachute at low altitude possible. The low altitude can be 200 to 500 meters. The technique is also called Combat Free Fall and in this mode of Parajumping, the canopy generally opens after free-falling of soldiers for 2-3 minutes with speed more than 300 kmh.
HALO is performed by the soldiers while escaping the surface-to-air missile at the time when aircraft fly over the enemy airspace. The HALO jumpers have to avoid radar detection and open as low as possible as they have very high duty altimeters. During the HALO Parajumping, the jumpers have to stay as close as possible. This is also called tactical jumping.
At the time of both the Parajumping HAHO and HALO, the jumpers have to use an oxygen tank and mask to remain conscious and specialist clothing to prevent freezing.
Another mode of Parajumping:
LALO is Low Altitude, Low Opening Parajumping mode which is also known as Static Line Jumping. Soldiers generally exit the aircraft in sticks in this technique. Each stick has 10-15 jumpers. In this jump, the canopy opens automatically within 3-4 seconds of the jump.
In LALO, soldiers jump from 1500 to 5000 ft height. They are airborne for 1-5 minutes which depends on the height from which he is jumping from. To earn the para-wings, paratroopers need to undergo 5 static-line jumps out of which 3 are day jumps, 2 are night jumps and 1 with equipment.
These HAHO and HALO Parajumping are used by soldiers to take an entry into enemy lines. This entry is made possible when the aircraft can or cannot fly over enemy airspace without escaping surface-to-air missile.